Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Abydus (Antiquity)

Abydus (Antiquity) (19/1/2006 v.1) Άβυδος (Αρχαιότητα) (3/1/2005 v.1)

Ancient Abydus was a city of Troad that due to its strategic position played an important role in the history of the area until Late Antiquity. It was a wealthy city, especially during the Classical Period.



Adada (Antiquity)

Adada (Antiquity) (19/1/2006 v.1) Άδαδα (Αρχαιότητα) (14/10/2005 v.1)

Adada was an important city of Pisidia. It had a large population and flourished during the Imperial period.



Adana (Antiquity)

Adana (Antiquity) (19/1/2006 v.1) Άδανα (Αρχαιότητα) - to be assigned

Commercial centre in the Cilician plain. It was renamed Antioch on the Sarus in the 2nd c. BC and thrived particularly after Pompey settled Cilician pirates, who became farmers. Evidence concerning the religious life of the city and important building remains have survived.



Adramyttium (Antiquity)

Adramyttium (Antiquity) - to be assigned Αδραμύττιον (Αρχαιότητα) - to be assigned


Aegai, Aeolis

Aegai, Aeolis - to be assigned Αιγαί Αιολίδος - to be assigned


Aezani (Antiquity)

Aezani (Antiquity) (19/1/2006 v.1) Αιζανοί (Αρχαιότητα) (14/10/2005 v.1)

City in western Phrygia, on the banks of the Pencalas river, near modern Çavdarhisar. It was Hellenized around the 3rd c. BC, while in the beginning of the 2nd c. BC it was the matter of dispute between the kings of Pergamon and Bithynia. In 133 BC it came under Roman control. Aezani enjoyed great prosperity during the Imperial Period, especially during emperor Hadrian’s reign. During that period, the monumental temple of Zeus was founded and the city became member of the Panhellenion. The city...




Akalissos (26/1/2006 v.1) Ακαλισσός (24/1/2005 v.1)

Akalissos is a city in eastern Lycia and was probably built before the Greeks arrived in Lycia. The limited information available about the history of the city, mainly inscriptions and some monuments, concerns the Roman Imperial years. At the time the city was the centre of a federal state (‘sympolity’) belonging to the Koinon of Lycia and minted its own coinage. The city was still inhabited in the Early Christian period.



Alabanda (Antiquity)

Alabanda (Antiquity) - to be assigned Αλάβανδα (Αρχαιότητα) - to be assigned


Alexandria ad Issum

Alexandria ad Issum (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλεξάνδρεια κατ΄ Ισσόν (14/10/2005 v.1)

City of Cilicia Campestris built on a hill. It secured control over the Syrian Gates and was the starting point for caravan routes to Syria. The city is identified with modern Iskenderun. It was founded in honour of Alexander III (the Great) and was given the description ‘ad Issum’ due to the neighbouring city of Issus. In the 3rd c. AD, the city was sacked by the Sasanids, while in the 7th, 10th and 11th century it came under the Arabs, the Byzantines and the crusaders respectively.



Alexandria Troas

Alexandria Troas (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλεξάνδρεια Τρωάς (14/10/2005 v.1)

Alexandria Troas (mod. Dalayanköy) was situated on the west coast of Troad, opposite the island of Tenedos. It was founded in the late 4th c. BC by Antigonus I Monophthalmos. Its strategic position helped commerce to boost. The city had an important mint.