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Numismatic Art in Asia Minor (Antiquity)

Author(s) : , Plantzos Dimitris (9/19/2002)
Translation : Panourgia Klio

For citation: , Plantzos Dimitris, "Numismatic Art in Asia Minor (Antiquity)",
Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor
URL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=8808>

Νομισματική Τέχνη στη Μ. Ασία (Αρχαιότητα) (3/27/2008 v.1) Numismatic Art in Asia Minor (Antiquity) (10/17/2008 v.1) 



daricus, the
The golden coin of the Persian kingdom. It was probably name after king Darius I (522-486 BC).

griffin, the
Α legendary creature of eastern provenance with the head, talons, and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion.

The face of the coin which bears the more important device. Due to ambiguities that sometimes exist, many numismatists prefer to use the term for the side struck by the lower (anvil) die.

The back view of a coin where the issuing authority is usually inscribed.

satrap, the
The title designated a representative of the Persian king, and was widely used in the Persian language. In ancient writers the term usually designates an official of the Persian empire who assumes highest political and military power within the limits of his satrapia, the division under his command. Alexander the Great introduced the institution to the administrative organisation of his empire in the East.In the Roman empire, the office of the satrap was hereditary for Armenian nobles who administered an Armenian klima (=canton, a historic-geographical unit); in the case of the Armenian territories inside the Roman Empire, the satrap yielded limited power under the suzerainty of the Roman emperor.

stater, the
The term "stater" was used in various areas of the ancient Greek world to define either a standard weight unit or the most important coin in precious metal (gold, silver, electrum) of a numismatic system. The dead weight and accordingly the value of a stater differed from one area to another and it was based on the weight standard effective in the various cities. Therefore, it was necessary each standard to be defined by the authority that issued it (e.g. Aeginetan, Attic, Boeotian, Corinthian).

Thesaurus [1. treasure (archit), 2. hoard (archaeol,numism.)]
Space for storing, repository or threasure.1. (archit.) Temple like structure of votive character. It was dedicated by different cities to famous sanctuaries (Delphoi, Olympia, Delos). It was used to store the cities' valuable offerings as well as the smaller offerings of their citizens. 2. (archaeolog, numism.) Collection of valuable objects or artifacts, coins end metal objects buried in the ground.

A kind of headdress worn mainly by the kings in Persia, Medea, Armenia, Chaldea and Assyria. In Persia the kings wore it upright, whereas the high state officials wore it in a slant position. It is probably identical with cyrbasia and kidaris. A generic kind of tiara was the phrygian pilos.

tyrant, the
The initial meaning of the term was the leading archon of a noble origin. Later οn he was the usurper of rightful power and the one who was ruling in an absolute way, aiming ostensily to the welfare of his people.


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