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Classical and Hellenistic Greek pottery in the Black Sea region

Author(s) : Bouzek Jan (1/16/2008)

For citation: Bouzek Jan, "Classical and Hellenistic Greek pottery in the Black Sea region", 2008,
Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Black Sea
URL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=12224>

Classical and Hellenistic Greek pottery in the Black Sea region (2/10/2009 v.1) Κλασική και ελληνιστική κεραμική στην περιοχή του Ευξείνου Πόντου - to be assigned 



1. lekanis, the, 2. lekane, the
1. low bowl with two horizontal handles and a broad low foot. The handles are regularly ribbon-shaped. Τhe lekanis is shallow, lidded and often decorated. Examples of it appear in marriage-scenes and other scenes involving women, and are themselves regularly decorated with scenes of marriage. It flourished during the end of the 5th and the 4th centuries BC. 2. In general, similar to lekanis but the lekane is usually lidless and often undecorated.

amphora, the
from the greek words "αμφί"(on both sides) and "φέρω" (carry): vessel with long ovoid body and a considerably narrower neck made in various sizes from the smaller perfume oil container to the large storage receivers of liquids and solids. It stands on a small foot and it bears two invariable vertical handles on either side. Some of the distinguished types of the amphorae are these whose lower part is tapering to the point (narrow bottomed), the neck type, the Nicosthenian, the Nola, the Panathenaic, the Tyrrhenian, the SOS type.

chora, the
The agricultural land (including villages and land-plots) belonging to a polis. It was bounded with the polis on an administrative and economic basis.

emporion, the
Places where trade was conducted, usually small settlements of urban character on the borders or along the coasts and the commercial routes. With the same term are characterized the trade districts, the markets outside the walls of a city and/or settlements being themselves trade centers.

kantharos, the
a deep drinking vessel with two distinctive high handles and an often tall stem of the foot. Kantharoi are frequently depicted on black- and red-figure vases, held by Dionysos or Herakles.

kylix, the
The most essential ancient drinking cup. It bears a wide and shallow body raised on a stem from a foot. It always has horizontal handles disposed symmetrically, often swinging upwards . The interior, flat, round bottom of the vessel was used as surface for painted decoration. There are many different types of kylikes such as the Komast type, the Siana type, types A, B, C, the Droop and the Cassel cups.

lagynos, the
Vase for the transport of wine with short, angular body, tall, narrow neck and a vertical handle. Widely diffused in the hellenistic period.

lekythos, the
A perfumed oil container with a narrow mouth and one vertical handle. There are lots of variants of this shape. They are predominant during the 5th c. BC. A common find is also the aryballoid lekythos with a globular and squat body. White lekyhtoi were used solely as votive offerings in burials.

pediment, the
The triangular structure, over a building façade, between the horizontal entablature and the sloping roof, often decorated with sculptures, reliefs or painted figures.

pelike, the
another version of the amphora. It appears for the first time in 520 BC. It consists of a globular body, a short neck, a projecting thick rim,vertical handles and a short base. Due to its stability, merchants used to store in it valuable ointments for sale.

rosette, the
An ornament with a generally circular combination of parts resembling a flower or plant.

situla, the
an ancient ceremonial, relief decorated, bronze or pottery vessel shaped like a deep bucket. It was used in funerary rituals and t originates from the Etruscans.


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