Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Black Sea FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Anacharsis - to be assigned Ανάχαρσις - to be assigned


Aristeas of Proconnesus

Aristeas of Proconnesus (26/3/2007 v.1) Αριστέας ο Προκοννήσιος (19/4/2007 v.1)

The poet and philosopher Aristeas was born in Proconnesus. The chronology of his life is uncertain. He probably lived in the 6th c. BC as the Suda lexicon informs us. The only poem associated with Aristeas is Arimaspea, divided into three books.




Gylon (26/3/2007 v.1) Γύλων (10/12/2007 v.1)

Gylon, an official or a merchant, born in Athens, lived in the end of the 5th – beginning of the 4th century BC and died in the Cimmerian Bosporus. Having committed treason in respect to Athens, he escaped to the Bosporan kingdom where he played an outstanding role at the court of the local Spartocid dynasty. He was grandfather of the famous Athenian orator Demosthenes.




Ovid (26/3/2007 v.1) Οβίδιος (19/4/2007 v.1)

The renowned Latin poet Ovid was born in 43 BC and belonged to an equestrian family. He was sent to Rome for his education, but despite the opposition of his father, he renounced a political career and chose poetry. An extraordinary talent, he was famous in the elite circles of the Roman society. Ovid had just completed the 15 books of Metamorphoses and the first books of Fasti when he was banished from his beloved Rome to the west coast of the Black Sea. His works Tristia and Pontica/Epistulae...



Paerisades V

Paerisades V (19/4/2007 v.1) Παιρισάδης Ε΄ (26/3/2007 v.1)

Paerisades V (c. 125-109 or 107 BC) was the last king of the Spartocid dynasty, rulers of the kingdom of Bosporus for three centuries. Paerisades V was killed during the so-called revolt of Saumacus, which broke out upon the transfer of kingship to Mithridates VI Eupator.




Rhescuporis - to be assigned Ροισκούπερος / Ρεσκούπορις - to be assigned



Rhoemitalces - to be assigned Ροιμητάλκης - to be assigned



Scilouros (19/4/2007 v.1) Σκιλούρος (26/3/2007 v.1)

Scilouros was one of the most important Scythian rulers and certainly the most influential in the Hellenistic period. He is considered as the reformer of the Scythian culture. His life and activities were connected with a turning point in the history of the Scythian Kingdom in a framework of dramatic historical developments in terms of space and time.




Toxaris (26/3/2007 v.1) Τόξαρις (19/4/2007 v.1)

“Philosopher” and “foreign medical hero”. He was born in Scythia in the 7th century B.C. He abandoned his people and family and died in Athens in the first half of the 6th century B.C. Because of his miracle-working role during the great plague of 429 BC he was honored as a hero.




Zalmoxis (19/4/2007 v.1) Ζάλμοξις (26/3/2007 v.1)

A deity of the Hyperborean Thracian tribes, associated with the afterlife. He is said to have been a student and slave of Pythagoras. He preached happiness in the afterlife and was worshiped as a god even during his lifetime. He became equated with other Geto-Dacian gods like Sabazios and Gebeleizis.