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Odessa (Odesa), Ukraine, early modern - modern period

Author(s) : Kardasis Vasilis (2/5/2008)
Translation : Nakas Ioannis

For citation: Kardasis Vasilis, "Odessa (Odesa), Ukraine, early modern - modern period",
Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Black Sea
URL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=11574>

Οδησσός (Ουκρανία, Νεότεροι Χρόνοι) (12/6/2008 v.1) Odessa (Odesa), Ukraine, early modern - modern period (10/8/2010 v.1) 

Chronological Table


1792: Jassy treaty, end the Russian-Turkish war of 1787‑1792: Russia gains access to the Black Sea and conquers Crimea

1792: Odessa founded with the decision of the empress Catherine II at the location of the old fort Hacibey, a place conquered by De Ribas, vice-admiral of the Russian fleet; Greek migrants and refugees settle there, mainly from the Peloponnese and the Aegean, after the failure of Orlov’s movement.

1795: Greeks comprise 10% of the total population of Odessa (224 people in a total of 2,349 inhabitants); the construction of the Greek church of the Holy Trinity begins.

1800: The great trade activity of Odessa begins. Greek merchants have a dominant role in the city’s trade.

1802: The city has 8,000-9,000 inhabitants.

1803: The French royalist refugee Duce Richelieu is appointed as the city’s governor.

1804: The general development of Odessa begins.

1812: By now Greeks form the most important group amongst the rich merchants of the city; Greek merchants financially contribute to the organization of the defense against Napoleon’s army.

1814: With the initiative of the rich Greek merchants the Greek Merchant School of Odessa is founded, aiming to the education of the children of the Greek families; the Greek theatre of Odessa is founded; the Society of Friends is founded in Odessa. Richelieu leaves Odessa. Count Lanzeron is appointed as the new governor.

1818: Dimitrios Inglesis is appointed by the Russian authorities as the mayor of Odessa; the Richelieu Lyceum, later to be Odessa’s university, is founded, which amongst others K. Paparrigopoulos and A.-R. Rangavis will attend.

1854: The Greeks of Odessa form the voluntary corps of the Greek Legion, which will take part in the Crimean War next to the Russian troops.

1864: The Odessa Greek Brotherhood "Agia Trias" is founded.

1866: A commission is organized in order to gather money for the Cretan revolt; in this commission I. Voutsinas plays a major role.

1871: The Greek Chartitable Community is founded.

1872 or 1874: The Rodokanakeio School for Girls begins its function.

1879 Grigorios G. Maraslis is elected mayor of Odessa, a position which he will keep for 16 years; during his term Odessa will be embellished with the construction of important public buildings (opera, museum, gallery, library, schools etc.).

1885: The Greek painter Kyriakos Konstantis becomes director of the School of Art of Odessa; he will remain in this position for 25 years.

1892: Synodis Papadimitriou, director of the Greek Merchant School, is elected as a lecturer of Greek Literature at the University of Odessa.

1905: Odessa plays a major role in the revolt against the regime.

1907: G.G. Maraslis dies; the Greek actress Kyveli performs in Odessa after an invitation of the Greek community.

1917: The Russian Bolshevik Revolution.

1919: Venizelos sends Greek troops to fight against the Revolution along with the westerners’ allied troops; the campaign will be a total failure; the great majority of the Greek population of Odessa (28,000 out of 30,000) will be loaded on ships and leave the city, an event that will mark the end of the long and illustrious presence of the Greeks in Odessa.


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