Odessa (Odesa), Ukraine, early modern - modern period
Author(s) : Kardasis Vasilis (2/5/2008)Translation : Nakas Ioannis
For citation: Kardasis Vasilis, "Odessa (Odesa), Ukraine, early modern - modern period",Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Black SeaURL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=11574>
board of schools
The board of schools (ephoreia) consisted of members either elected by the community or nominated by a commission. They were authorized to supervise the proper functioning of the educational institutions.
The cherwert is a measure for capacity for grain, mostly wheat. Its weight varies according to the different commodities of grain and the humidity. A chetwert corresponds to 5.77 bushels (1 bushel = 60 litres).
The network was comprised by the Greek merchants who were active commercialy in the Black Sea, in the Mediterranean and in Western Europe during the period 1830-1860. The most important merchants originated from the island of Chios and very often were connected with kinship ties. These merchants combined trade with shipping and their companies were characterised by discipline and cohesion. The most important families were those of Rodokanakis, Zizinias, Rallis, Dromokaitis, Petrokokkinos, Agelastos. The network's importance declined with the changes in Black Sea trade after the Crimean War (1853-1856), in connection with the technological changes in sea transport.
1. The city’s foundation
2. Climate and place
3. Richelieu government
4. The Greeks: Economy and society
5. The community and the political presence of the Greeks
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