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Hagia Eirene

Hagia Eirene (13/4/2007 v.1) Αγία Ειρήνη (10/4/2008 v.1)

The church of Hagia Eirene (Peace) is an important example of Byzantine religious and imperial architecture. This domed basilica is the second biggest Constantinopolitan church, still extant. Built to the north of Hagia Sophia after the Nika riots of 532 and rebuilt after 740, Hagia Eirene is today located in the first courtyard of Topkapi Palace, Istanbul. The monumental cross in the apse remains a unique evidence of Iconoclastic art.



Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya Müzesi)

Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya Müzesi) (13/4/2007 v.1) Αγία Σοφία (Ayasofya Müzesi)  (28/6/2007 v.1)

The church of Hagia Sophia, the hallmark of Justinianic architecture and one of the supreme achievements of all Byzantine architecture was the largest building in the Byzantine capital. Though made up of elements current in the 6th century, its design was both original and unique, since it would not be imitated until the 16th-c Ottoman mosques. It also marks a turning point in the symbolic understanding of Byzantine religious architecture. A legend and a symbol of the capital during both...



Hagioi Theodoroi (Vefa Kilise Camii)

Hagioi Theodoroi (Vefa Kilise Camii) - to be assigned Άγιοι Θεόδωροι (Βεφά Κιλισέ Τζαμί) - to be assigned


Harbours in Constantinople

Harbours in Constantinople - to be assigned Λιμάνια στην Κωνσταντινούπολη - to be assigned



Hasköy (2/5/2007 v.1) Χάσκιοϊ (13/4/2007 v.1)

The area that nowadays covers Hasköy has been known to be populated since at least the 6th century. During the Ottoman period it was populated by Orthodox Christians, Armenians and, mainly, Jews. After World War II, Orthodox population is radically diminished.




Hebdomon (28/6/2007 v.1) Έβδομον (12/4/2007 v.1)

Hebdomon was one of the most important suburbs of Constantinople. The splendid edifices that adorned it were considered similar to those of the Byzantine capital. But besides architecture, the location was of great importance, since it was the site where the legions camped and the starting point of imperial triumphal processions to the capital.



Heraclian dynasty (610-711)

Heraclian dynasty (610-711) (13/4/2007 v.1) Ηρακλειδών δυναστεία (610-711) (28/6/2007 v.1)

The Heraclian dynasty lasted from the coronation of Herakleios in 610 until the death of Justinian II in 711. The Heraclian century was one of the most turbulent in Byzantine history, and few of the family members died peacefully or of natural causes. Still, the emperors of the dynasty were able to successfully govern the empire through wars with the Sassanids, the rise and conquest of the Arabs, a faltering economy and disruptive theological controversies. They succeeded in reaching a new...




Hippodrome (12/4/2007 v.1) Ιππόδρομος (27/6/2007 v.1)

The sport of chariot racing, so popular in ancient cities, lived on in Byzantine Constantinople, where its venue, the Hippodrome, became the city's most important public gathering place, acquiring added institutional, political, and historical dimensions, and served as the setting for many dramatic episodes.



Holy Apostles

Holy Apostles (13/4/2007 v.1) Άγιοι Απόστολοι (28/6/2007 v.1)

The Church of the Holy Apostles was the second most important church in Byzantine Constantinople, after Hagia Sophia. Under Justinian I, the 4th-c. cruciform building fallen in disrepare was replaced by a new, also cruciform, structure with an elevation of five domes. It was used as the burial place of the emperors until 1028, and was demolished after the Ottoman conquest in 1453, in order to erect Fatih Camii on the same site. In 2001, structural evidence that most probably belong to the...



Hospital of Galata

Hospital of Galata - to be assigned Νοσοκομείο Γαλατά - to be assigned