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Bandon of Matzouka

Bandon of Matzouka (30/1/2006 v.1) Ματζούκας Βάνδον (14/10/2005 v.1)

The bandon of Matzouka occupied the region south and south west of the city of Trebizond. Due to its strategic location, it was the bulwark of the capital of the Grand Komnenoi. The economy of the region was based on agriculture and cattle-raising and its troops had the fame of being brave and tough.



Bandon of Palaiomatzouka

Bandon of Palaiomatzouka (14/1/2008 v.1) Παλαιοματζούκας Βάνδον - has not been published yet

The earliest references to a bandon and a doukas of Palaiomatzouka date to the early 15th century; previously, until 1384 at least, the area of Palaiomatzouka is mentioned as a village of the bandon of Matzouka. It appears, therefore, that the bandon of Palaiomatzouka emerged from a later division of the bandon of Matzouka and that the formation of another bandon at the south fringes of the Empire of Trebizond aimed at providing for the better organization of border defences.



Bandon of Trebizond

Bandon of Trebizond (13/2/2006 v.1) Τραπεζούντος Βάνδον (14/10/2005 v.1)

The bandon of Trebizond was an administrative division covering a small area around Trebizond. Due to its key position, the most important events of its history are connected with the historical fate of the city and the Empire of Trebizond. It is reported on a chrysobull of Alexios III Grand Komnenos (1386). It is not certain whether that late reference corresponds to a pre-existing division of the theme of Chaldia in the Middle Byzantine period.



Diocese of Asiana (Byzantium)

Diocese of Asiana (Byzantium) (25/1/2006 v.1) Ασίας Διοίκησις (Βυζάντιο) (14/10/2005 v.1)

The Diocese of Asiana of the prefecture of Oriens (praefectura praetorio per Orientem), an administrative division of the Roman Empire, was formed in 314 in the west and south territories of Asia Minor and the Aegean Sea. It included eleven densely populated provinces. The cities and the harbours of Asiana were centres of the Greco-Roman civilisation in Late Antiquity. The Diocese of Asiana ceased to exist in the third fourth of the 7th century, when its provinces came under the Themes of...



Diocese of Oriens (Byzantium)

Diocese of Oriens (Byzantium) (20/1/2006 v.1) Ανατολής Διοίκησις (Βυζάντιο) (14/10/2005 v.1)

The Diocese of Oriens, being part of the prefecture of Oriens (praefectura praetorio per Orientem), was established in 314 in the southern and southeastern territories of the Roman Empire, while after 359 it was divided into seventeen provinces, most of which fell in Arabs' hands in the 7th century. The mint of the diocese was in Antioch-on-the-Orontes, the administrative centre of the diocese. The head of the diocese was the comes Orientis, who was later replaced by the comes of Isauria...



Diocese of Pontica (Byzantium)

Diocese of Pontica (Byzantium) (14/2/2006 v.1) Πόντου Διοίκησις (Βυζάντιο) (14/10/2005 v.1)

The Diocese of Pontica (the Pontos) was established in 314 and included the provinces of northern Asia Minor. The mint was in Nicomedia of Bithynia. The vicarius of the Pontos probably had his seat in Amaseia of Helenopontos or in Ankara of Galatia. A short-term administrative reform, concerning all the provinces and the jurisdiction of the vicarius in the Pontos, was carried out in the years of Justinian I. The Diocese of Pontica was abolished in the Middle Byzantine period.



Province of Armenia (Byzantium)

Province of Armenia (Byzantium) - to be assigned Αρμενίας Επαρχία (Βυζάντιο) - to be assigned


Province of Armenia I (Byzantium)

Province of Armenia I (Byzantium) (25/1/2006 v.1) Αρμενίας Ι Επαρχία (Βυζάντιο) (14/10/2005 v.1)

The province of Armenia I was radically reorganized by Emperor Justinian, but this reform did not last long. As an administrative institution its importance diminished with the introduction of the system of the themes in the 7th century.



Province of Armenia II (Byzantium)

Province of Armenia II (Byzantium) (25/1/2006 v.1) Αρμενίας ΙΙ Επαρχία (Βυζάντιο) (14/10/2005 v.1)

The Early Byzantine province of Armenia II of the diocese of Pontica was founded in eastern Asia Minor, during the reign of Theodosius I, with Melitene as its metropolis. It was renamed to Armenia III in 536 and into Armenia I in 591; by the latter name it is refered to in the notitiae episcopatuum. In the Middle Byzantine period various parts of it were successively annexed to the themes of Armeniacon, Sebasteia, Lycandus, Mesopotamia and Melitene.



Province of Armenia III (Byzantium)

Province of Armenia III (Byzantium) - to be assigned Αρμενίας ΙΙΙ Επαρχία (Βυζάντιο) - to be assigned