Author(s) : Kitsos Dimitrios (27/1/2001)Translation : Koutras Nikolaos
For citation: Kitsos Dimitrios, "Agesilaos II",Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia MinorURL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=7040>
King of Sparta. Campaigned in 396 BC against the Persians in Asia Minor to secure the independence of the Greek cities. In 394 BC he was recalled to face a coalition of the leading Greek cities. Following the Peace of Antalcidas (386 BC) he managed to preserve Spartan hegemony. The ceaseless clashes with Thebes and Athens gradually brought about its downfall. He served as a commander of a mercenary force in Egypt, where he died in 360/359 BC.
Date and Place of Death
360/359 BC, Port of Menelaus (Cyrene)
Date and Place of Birth
445/444 BC, Sparta
2. Political and Military Activity
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