Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Ada (19/1/2006 v.1) Άδα (14/10/2005 v.1)

Ada was the daughter of Hecatomnus and the sister and wife of Idrieus. In 344/343 BC she succeeded her husband in the satrapy of Caria. A few years later, in 341/340 BC, she was overthrown by her brother, Pixodarus, and was exiled to Alinda. When Alexander the Great invaded Caria in 334 BC, Ada surrendered Alinda and adopted him, while Alexander restored her to the satrapy of Caria.



Arbinas, Dynast of Xanthus

Arbinas, Dynast of Xanthus - to be assigned Αρβινάς, Δυνάστης Ξάνθου - to be assigned


Artemisia I

Artemisia I (25/1/2006 v.1) Αρτεμισία Α΄  (14/10/2005 v.1)

Artemisia I was the queen of Halicarnassus. Sometime before 480 BC, she assumed power in Halicarnassus and the islands of Cos, Nisyros and Calymnos. In 480 BC she participated with five ships in Xerxes’ expedition against Greece.



Artemisia II

Artemisia II (25/1/2006 v.1) Αρτεμισία Β΄  (14/10/2005 v.1)

Artemisia II was a satrap of Caria between 353/352 and 351/350 BC. She was the daughter of Hecatomnus, sister and spouse of Mausolus. During her reign she followed the same political principles as her husband, and managed to secure her satrapy, thwarting an apostasy attempt of the Rhodians. She continued the construction of the renowned Mausoleum of Halicarnassus and organized musical contests to honour the memory of her husband.




Brogitarus (24/1/2006 v.1) Βρογίταρος (14/10/2005 v.1)

Gaul ruler, tetrarch of the tribe of the Trocmii. He lived approximately from the end of the 2nd until the middle of the 1st century B.C. He was an ally of Rome in the Mithridatic wars and was rewarded for his services with the expansion of his dominion. He was named king of the Trocmii Gauls thanks to a proposal by the tribune of Rome. He maintained relations with Greek cities of western Asia Minor.




Eubulus - to be assigned Εύβουλος - to be assigned


Eumenes of Cardia

Eumenes of Cardia (3/2/2006 v.1) Ευμένης Καρδίας (14/10/2005 v.1)

Eumenes of Cardia (361-316 BC) was the secretary of Philip II and Alexander the Great. He participated in Alexander's campaign and commanded the cavalry division of the 'friends' during the last year of his reign. He played an important role in the conflicts of the Successors, siding with Perdiccas. He was sentenced to death at the Triparadisus summit and surrendered to Antigonus the Monophthalmus at the battle of Gabiene (316 BC). He is also the author of the Ephemerides, a work which has not...




Hecatomnus (27/1/2006 v.1) Εκάτομνος (14/10/2005 v.1)

Ruler from Mylasa of Caria. In 392/391 BC he was appointed satrap of Caria by the Persian king . He participated in the campaign of the Persians against Cyprus and the king Evagoras I. However, he is considered to have secretly allied with Euagoras, causing problems in his relations with the Persian court. He died in 377/376 BC, leaving his son Mausolus as his heir.




Idrieus (8/2/2006 v.1) Ιδριεύς (14/10/2005 v.1)

Idrieus was the son of Hecatomnus; he was the youngest brother of Mausolus and Artemisia, brother and husband of Ada. In 351/350 BC he succeeded Artemisia II to the throne of the Carian satrapy. He aided Artaxerxes III to quench the revolt of the Cypriots. He died in 344/343 BC.



Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony)

Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony) - to be assigned Μάρκος Αντώνιος - to be assigned