Middle of the 8th c. BC: first (probably) foundation of Sinope
632/631 BC: (second) foundation of Sinope
430 BC: Pericles and Lamachus overthrow the tyrant Timesilaos. Athenian colonists arrive at the city.
Approximately 360 BC: Datames attempts to occupy the city, but finally he allied with Sinope.
220 BC: Mithradates II attempts to occupy Sinope but without success
183 BC: Pharnaces I occupied the city. Sinope becomes the capital of the Mithradatic kingdom.
70 BC: Lucullus lays siege and occupied Sinope
Approximately 50 BC: The Romans give the city to Pharnaces II, but they removed him just before 47 BC.47 BC: Julious Caesar re-established the city as the Roman colony “Colonia Julia Felix Sinope”