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Miletus (Antiquity)

Author(s) : Paleothodoros Dimitris (7/4/2006)
Translation : Velentzas Georgios

For citation: Paleothodoros Dimitris, "Miletus (Antiquity)",
Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor
URL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=8177>

Μίλητος (Αρχαιότητα) (2/15/2006 v.1) Miletus (Antiquity) (3/9/2007 v.1) 

Chronological Table


18th century BC: Miletus is a thriving commercial Minoan harbour.

15th century BC: Miletus-Milawanda is involved in the conflictions between Achaeans and Hittites.

1185-1180 BC: Destruction of the Late Bronze Age Miletus.

1050 BC: Foundation of the Ionian city according to archaeological data.

8th century BC, end: Miletus participates in the war between Eretria and Chalcis over the control of the Lelantine Plain, supporting Eretria.

615 BC: Abolition of aristocracy and establishment of tyranny by Thrasybulus.

608 or 598 or 594 BC: After 12 years of conflicts, the Milesians signed a treaty of alliance with Alyattes of the Lydian Kingdom.

600-540 BC: A period of revolt.

546 BC: Miletus signed a treaty with Cyrus and did not react against the conquest of Asia Minor by the Persians.

540 or 525 BC: Establishment of oligarchy in Miletus.

513 BC: The Milesians under their tyrant Histiaeus participated in the Scythian expedition of Darius.

500 BC: Aristagoras of Miletus caused the Ionian Revolt.

494 BC: The Persians besieged Miletus and destroyed the city.

479 BC: Miletus took part beside the Persians in the naval battle of Mycale but they defected. The city was rebuilt in accordance with the plan of Hippodamus.

478 BC: Miletus joined the Delian League.

470-440 BC: A dispute divided the oligarchic side.

450/449 BC: Athens took measures to deal with the situation in Miletus. The oligarchs rebelled and massacred the democrats.

441 BC: Athens intervened again, favouring Miletus in a dispute with Samos.

430 BC: The regime in Miletus was democracy, according to the Athenian standards.

425-424 BC: Milesian soldiers took part in Athenian operations during the Peloponnesian War.

415-413 BC: Participation of Milesians in the Sicilian expedition.

412/411 BC: Miletus revolted against the Athenians after the intervention of Alcibiades. Miletus successfully repelled the attack of the Athenians.

405 BC: The Spartan admiral Lysander supported a bloody coup that imposed oligarchy again.

402 BC: Tissaphernes, satrap of Lydia, executed or exiled all the oligarchs who favoured Sparta, fearing that they would support Cyrus the Younger. Reestablishment of democracy.

386 BC: With the Peace of Antalcidas (386 BC) Miletus came finally under the Persian control.

370-334 BC: Miletus came under the control of the Hecatomnides, satraps of Caria.

334 BC: Alexander the Great besieged and conquered the city.

333 BC: The Persian fleet recaptured the city.

332 BC: Miletus was occupied again by the Macedonians under Balacrus.

312 BC: Antigonus I Monophtalmos freed the city from Asandrus, granted autonomy and restored the democratic regime.

300-299 BC: Seleucus I Nicator made substantial donations to the sanctuary of Didyma and returned the statue of Apollo.

295 BC: Demetrius Poliorcetes, son of Antigonus, was the eponymous archon (stephanephorus) in the city.

294 BC: The city allied with Ptolemy I.

286/285 BC: Miletus is under the control of Demetrius Poliorcetes.

285-281 BC: Lycimachus assumed control over Miletus.

280/279 BC: Αntiochus I is elected as the first eponymous archon of the period (stephanephorus).

262 BC: Antigonus II Gonatas unsuccessfully tried to detach the city from the Ptolemies.

261/260 BC: Ptolemy III revolted against his father Ptolemy II with the help of Timarchus, who imposed tyranny on Miletus.

260/259 BC: The Seleucids controlled Miletus again, while Antiochus II was offered divine honours as he had restored freedom and democracy by expelling the tyrant Timarchus.

246 BC: Miletus supported Seleucus II.

246-245 BC: Miletus came under Ptolemaic influence.

201 BC: Philip V of Macedonia captured Miletus, detached the territories of Myous from Miletus and gave them to neighbouring Magnesia ad Maeandrum.

191-190 BC: During the war between Antiochus III and the Romans (190 BC), the Milesians allied with Antiochus.

188 BC: Under the Peace of Apamea the city reoccupied the territories of Myous. The external policy of Miletus was actually controlled by Rhodes.

185 BC: War between Miletus and Heraclea on the one side and Magnesia and Priene on the other side.

167 BC: Miletus came under the influence of the Attalids, maintaining friendly relationships with the Seleucids.

129 BC: Miletus is a free and autonomous city in the province of Asia.

88-83 BC: In the Mithradatic War Miletus encountered serious difficulties.

83 BC: The city lost its freedom due to the initial alliance with the King of Pontus.

38 BC: The city became autonomous in the years of Mark Antony, who granted its freedom.

17 BC: Augustus is elected as eponymous archon (stephanephorus).

117 AD: The city participated in the Panhellenion, the league of the Greek cities established by Emperor Hadrian.

164 AD: Faustina visited Miletus and stayed in the city, offering donations.


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