Author(s) : Tsoukala Victoria (10/15/2002)Translation : Daskalaki Photini
For citation: Tsoukala Victoria, "Abydus (Antiquity)",Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia MinorURL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=7028>
The title designated a representative of the Persian king, and was widely used in the Persian language. In ancient writers the term usually designates an official of the Persian empire who assumes highest political and military power within the limits of his satrapia, the division under his command. Alexander the Great introduced the institution to the administrative organisation of his empire in the East.In the Roman empire, the office of the satrap was hereditary for Armenian nobles who administered an Armenian klima (=canton, a historic-geographical unit); in the case of the Armenian territories inside the Roman Empire, the satrap yielded limited power under the suzerainty of the Roman emperor.
Numismatic weight unit. The silver talent equaled 60 mnai or 6000 silver drachmas.
1. Geographical position - Identification
2.1. Homeric mentions – Archaic period
2.2. Classical Period
2.3. Hellenistic Period
2.4. Roman Period
2.5. Byzantine – Modern Period
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