Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Byzantine Period
















Aetios - to be assigned Αέτιος - to be assigned


Agathias Scholastikos

Agathias Scholastikos - has not been published yet Αγαθίας ο Σχολαστικός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Man of letters, legist and writer of the 6th century. He came from Myrina, Aeolis, and lived mainly in Constantinople. He studied in Alexandria and became a ‘pater civitatis’ in Smyrna. Scholastikos was a famous historiographer and poet. His work had a great impact on the subsequent Byzantine historians and is the most important source of the mid-6th century.


Alexander of Tralles

Alexander of Tralles (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξανδρος Τραλλειανός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Physician and writer of medical works. He was born around 525 in Tralles and died in Rome around 605. He is considered the most important Byzantine doctor. He established the clinical study of herbal medicines and made a major contribution to the development of pharmacology. His work had a great impact both in his time and later on; it was also translated into Latin, Jewish and Arabic. His therapeutic methods spread widely and were kept in use until recently.



Alexios Axouch

Alexios Axouch - to be assigned Αλέξιος Αξούχος - to be assigned


Alexios I Grand Komnenos

Alexios I Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Α΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Founder of the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi and first Emperor of Trebizond. Together with his brother, David Komnenos, and supported by the queen of Georgia, Thamar, they captured Trebizond effortless in 1204. He was then proclaimed emperor of the new-founded state with this Pontic city as its capital. He remained in power until his death, on the Sunday of Orthodoxy of 1222.



Alexios II Grand Komnenos

Alexios II Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Member of the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi and emperor of Trebizond. Born in 1283. In 1297 he succeeded his father John II to the throne of Trebizond and remained emperor until his death (1330). He is also known as Alexios Palaiologos and Alexios Komnenos.



Alexios III Grand Komnenos

Alexios III Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Γ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Member of the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi and emperor of Trebizond (1349/50-1390). Alexios III Grand Komnenos rose to the throne after a long period of exile in Constantinople. The first year of his reign were marked by rebellions and conspiracies. He was confronted with a number of external threats, such as the Turcoman attacks, which he successfully handled with his intermarriage policy, and the rivalry between the Genoese and Venetian merchants. He died in 20 March 1390.



Alexios IV Grand Komnenos

Alexios IV Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Member of the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi and emperor of Trebizond (1417-1429). In 1396 Alexios IV was made co-emperor and he assumed power in 1417. In 1429 he was murdered by members of the local aristocracy during the rebellion of his son John, the future John IV Grand Komnenos.



Alexios Philanthropenos

Alexios Philanthropenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Φιλανθρωπηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

A Byzantine general who was praised for his victories over the Turcomanic tribes in Asia Minor during the years 1293-1295. After a failed attempt to usurp the throne in 1295, he was blinded, and his name briefly disappears from historical sources. Though blind and of an old age, during the third and fourth decade of the 14th century he commanded successfully the Byzantine army in the battles for Philadelphia and for Lesvos.



Alexios Raoul

Alexios Raoul (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Ραούλ (14/10/2005 v.1)

Born into the aristocratic family of Raoul. In the years of John III Vatatzes (1222-1254), in the Empire of Nicaea, he held the title of protovestiarios. In 1242 he participated in the first campaign of the emperor against the sovereign of Thessaloniki, John Angelos, while in 1252 he participated actively in the war against the despot of Epirus, Michael II Doukas. In 1256 the new emperor, Theodore II Laskaris deposed Alexios from his office. He died c. 1258.