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Alexios III Grand Komnenos

Author(s) : Vougiouklaki Penelope (10/24/2003)
Translation : Andriopoulou Vera

For citation: Vougiouklaki Penelope, "Alexios III Grand Komnenos",
Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor
URL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=7172>

Αλέξιος Γ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (5/27/2008 v.1) Alexios III Grand Komnenos (2/2/2009 v.1) 



(gold seal) Imperial document of the Byzantine state which was so named because it bore the gold seal of the emperor.

doukas (lat. dux)
Antiquity: Roman military commander who, in some provinces, combined military and civil functions.Buzantium: a higher military officer. From the second half of the 10th c. the title indicates the military comander of a larger district. After the 12th c., doukes were called the governors of small themes.

(from Arabic amir) Emir meaning "commander" or "general", later also "prince". Also a high title of nobility or office in some Turkic historical states.

The main church in a monastic complex, heart of the monastic activity.

Byzantine city on the shore of the Black Sea, close to Cerasous (later it ceased to be coastal, due to deposition of slit from the local rivers). It was a major trade port.

megas domestikos
Supreme military commander of the imperial army. High-ranking title which was generally given to close relatives of the emperor.

megas doukas
The commander of the Byzantine fleet (from 1092 onwards). In the Late Byzantine period, the title of the megas doukas was assigned to the highest officials of the imperial administration/army.

megas stratopedarches
Superior officer responsible for the provision of equipment and supplies for the military forces of the byzantine empire of Nicaea.

(Byz.) Dependent peasants, usually on estates of large landowners or on ecclesiastical estates.

[also pikernes or epikernes, possibly from the Latin pincerna, a word deriving from the greek verb epikerannymi, meaning to mix (wine)]). Cup-bearer of the palace. Official at the personal service of the emperor. In the Late Byzantine years, the pinkernes was a very honorary title, while in the 14th century it was awarded to very important figures, such as Alexios Philanthropenos.

(and protovestiarites) Honorific title given to high-ranking officials and future emperors during this period. The protovestiarios was originally responsible for the imperial wardrobe, but in the 9th-11th centuries the holders of the title could command an army or conduct negotiations with foreign states.

Virgin the Unfading Rose
(Rhodon to Amaranton) In Byzantine art, the iconographic sceme with the Virgin Mary crowned, holding a standing Christ Child also crowned and vested imperial garments. Occasionaly other iconographic elements are included, such as angelic orders and, most often, a rose in the hand of the Virgin.


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