Alexios IV Grand Komnenos
Author(s) : Vougiouklaki Penelope (10/18/2003)Translation : Andriopoulou Vera
For citation: Vougiouklaki Penelope, "Alexios IV Grand Komnenos",Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia MinorURL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=7173>
Term that designates a governor in general. When it is not used in a technical sense, it denotes members of the aristocracy, high officers of the byzantine empire and it is even used for independent princes.
The area at east end of the naos in Byzantine churches, containing the altar, also referred to as the presbetery or hierateion (sanctuary). In these area take place the Holy Eucharist.
(gold seal) Imperial document of the Byzantine state which was so named because it bore the gold seal of the emperor.
(Byz.) Dependent peasants, usually on estates of large landowners or on ecclesiastical estates.
2. Dynastic conflicts
3. Imperial patronage
4. Foreign policy
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