Author(s) : Radic Radivoj (9/16/2003)Translation : Panourgia Klio
For citation: Radic Radivoj, "John Choiroboskos",Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia MinorURL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=9326>
Catalan Company, the
(almugavares, compagnia) A group of fully-armed and highly-trained Catalans mercenary warriors, who numbered a few thousand. In 1303 they came to the assistance of Byzantium against the Turks, but soon they turned against the Empire and took to large-scale looting. They conquered the Burgundian duchy of Athens, after the battle of Orchomenos in Copais, in 1311.
("venerable") Title of honour created by Constantine IX the Monomachos in the middle of the 11th century. Originated from the translation of the imperial adjective augustus. This title was given successively to the two mistresses of the emperor.
1. Biographical information
2.1. Activity in Asia Minor
2.2. Activity in the area of Thessaloniki
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