Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Alexios I Grand Komnenos

Alexios I Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Α΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Founder of the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi and first Emperor of Trebizond. Together with his brother, David Komnenos, and supported by the queen of Georgia, Thamar, they captured Trebizond effortless in 1204. He was then proclaimed emperor of the new-founded state with this Pontic city as its capital. He remained in power until his death, on the Sunday of Orthodoxy of 1222.



Alexios II Grand Komnenos

Alexios II Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Member of the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi and emperor of Trebizond. Born in 1283. In 1297 he succeeded his father John II to the throne of Trebizond and remained emperor until his death (1330). He is also known as Alexios Palaiologos and Alexios Komnenos.



Alexios III Grand Komnenos

Alexios III Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Γ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Member of the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi and emperor of Trebizond (1349/50-1390). Alexios III Grand Komnenos rose to the throne after a long period of exile in Constantinople. The first year of his reign were marked by rebellions and conspiracies. He was confronted with a number of external threats, such as the Turcoman attacks, which he successfully handled with his intermarriage policy, and the rivalry between the Genoese and Venetian merchants. He died in 20 March 1390.



Alexios IV Grand Komnenos

Alexios IV Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Αλέξιος Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Member of the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi and emperor of Trebizond (1417-1429). In 1396 Alexios IV was made co-emperor and he assumed power in 1417. In 1429 he was murdered by members of the local aristocracy during the rebellion of his son John, the future John IV Grand Komnenos.



Andronikos I Grand Komnenos

Andronikos I Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Ανδρόνικος Α΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Member of the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi. In 1222 he succeeded Alexios I Grand Komnenos to the throne of Trebizond. In 1223 he defeated the Seljuk army, temporarily freeing the Empire of Trebizond from the control of the Seljuk Turks. He died in 1235. Andronikos I Grand Komnenos can possibly be identified as Andronikos Komnenos Gidos, who had been strategos of Theodore I Laskaris of Nicaea.



Andronikos II Grand Komnenos

Andronikos II Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Ανδρόνικος Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Emperor of Trebizond, born into the dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi. In 1263 he acceded to the throne of Trebizond, where he remained until his death in 1266.



Andronikos III Grand Komnenos

Andronikos III Grand Komnenos (20/1/2006 v.1) Ανδρόνικος Γ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Descendant of the family of the Grand Komnenoi. In 1330 he succeeded his father, Alexios II (1297-1330), on the throne of the Empire of Trebizond. He passed away on January 8, 1332.



Basil Grand Komnenos

Basil Grand Komnenos (24/1/2006 v.1) Βασίλειος Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Emperor of Trebizond, born into the family of the Grand Komnenoi. In September 1332 he overthrew Manuel II Grand Komnenos and ascended the throne, which he held until his death, in 1340.



David Grand Komnenos

David Grand Komnenos (25/1/2006 v.1) Δαβίδ Μέγας Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

David Grand Komnenos (1458-1461) is the last emperor of Trebizond. In 1458 with the support of Kavazites he set aside the legitimate heir Alexios V and became emperor on a critical moment for the Empire, when its very existence was threatened by the Ottoman domination in Asia Minor. On August 15, 1461 he was forced to surrender Trebizond to sultan Mehmed II and on November the 1st, 1463, he was executed in Constantinople.



David Komnenos

David Komnenos (25/1/2006 v.1) Δαβίδ Κομνηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Member of the Komnenoi family and co-founder of the Empire of Trebizond. In 1204 David and his brother Alexios I Grand Komnenos (1204-1222) occupied Trebizond and founded an empire, supported by Thamar, queen of Georgia. He then attempted, without success, to expand the borders of the Empire of Trebizond to the west, allying himself with the Latin emperor of Constantinople against Theodore I Laskaris of Nicaea. He became a monk in Sinope in 1208 and lived there until his death in 1212.